News | Architecture
Achaemenid palaces found in south Iran
April 5, 2009
Source :Press TV

Iranian archeologists have unearthed two 2,500 -year-old palaces and 18 columns belonging to the Achaemenid era in southern Iran.

The discoveries were made in the ancient city of Ramhormoz in Khuzestan Province, according to Iranian cultural heritage activists and archeologists.

The archeologist restored five of the eighteen columns. The other columns were destroyed during a road construction project in the region.

Such discoveries strengthen the theory that the site was a part of the ancient Shahi Road. Shahi Road was the main road connecting Persepolis to Apadana Palace in ancient Susa in Khuzestan Province.

Once known as the richest city under the sun, Persepolis was the ceremonial capital of the Persian Empire, one of the greatest powers of the ancient world.

Darius established Persepolis in 519 BCE as the most magnificent of the four Achaemenid capitals -- Susa, Ecbatana, Persepolis and Babylon -- which were established in logistically important locations to help Achaemenid kings efficiently administer their vast empire.

Susa, located in Iran's southern province of Khuzistan, was the capital of Elam and the Achaemenid King Darius I.

One of the world's oldest-known settlements was possibly founded around 4200 BCE; however, the first traces of an inhabited village date back to around 7000 BCE.

According to economic policies of Darius the Great, Shahi Road was constructed at length of 2,500 kilometers to connect the two capitals of ancient Persia, Susa and Persepolis.

More than a hundred palaces and caravanserai (roadside inns) were built across the road to support the flow of commerce and information. Their strategic use in war times were the main goal to build the road and the settlements.

The remains of columns were transferred to Ramhormoz Cultural Heritage Office.